On European co-operation

I did this on twitter earlier, so it’s a series of tweets.

In case you’re wondering why 1815 is a relevant year, that’s the year of the Battle of Waterloo, when Napoleon was finally, definitively, defeated, and the almost-continuous wars of the previous 23 years ended. Exhaustion and the mass slaughter (the total was in the region of five million military deaths, from a far smaller population than the fifteen million of WWI) meant that European countries were looking for a more reliable way of keeping the peace.

 
There had been European wars in the mid-century period, and one battle, Solferino, inspired the creation of the Red Cross. But the total deaths in European wars between 1815 and 1914 add up to less than a million.

To be fair to this period, most of the so-called “laws of war” (the Geneva and Hague conventions, in particular) come from this time.

 
World War I.

 
And, to some extent, Italian Fascism. But really, it was Manchuria in 1931 that broke the League.

There’s more, a long, long list of more international institutions. Including several specifically European ones, like the ECHR.
 

 

One more tweet (to get the formatting to work):

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